ENVIRONMENT: GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE:
Human-Caused Climate Change Causes Unprecedented Arctic Heatwave, Scientists Say
Human-Caused Climate Change Causes Unprecedented Arctic Heatwave,
Last updated 14:05, December 25 2016
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The Arctic had the hottest November on record, and a collective of climate scientists say it’s directly linked to climate change.
Human-caused climate change is being held responsible for the warmest winter on record so-far at the North Pole.
The Arctic region reached record-high temperatures in November and ice coverage was the lowest in over 150 years.
Temperatures 15 degrees Celsius warmer than expected were recorded, in what a group of scientists have called an “unprecedented” heat wave.
Dr Friederike Otto, a senior researcher at the University of Oxford’s Environmental Change Institute, said they were “very confident” the warming was a result of human action.
“We have used several different climate modelling approaches and observations … and in all our model, we find the same thing; we cannot model a heatwave like this without the anthropogenic signal,” she told BBC News.
An early winter heat wave of -7C was recorded on November 11. That’s 15C warmer than is expected for this time of year. Over the whole month, the temperature was on average 13C warmer than normal.
Temperatures have remained “well above normal”, and the report forecasts the North Pole will again reach 15C warmer than is normal over Christmas.
Record-high temperatures mean record-low ice growth. November signals the beginning of Arctic ice growth; in 2016 the sea ice growth was the lowest since 1850. Typically, the North Pole is 95 per cent covered by sea ice, this year it’s about 80 per cent covered.
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